A Critical Discourse Analysis of Gender Representations in the Content of 5th Grade English Language Textbook


  • Muhammad Ahmad SSE English, Government High School, Hujra Shah Muqeem, Okara
  • Syed Kazim Shah Assistant Professor in English, Department of Applied Linguistics, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan




This study investigates gender representation in an English language textbook taught to the students of Grade-5 in public and private schools in Punjab (Pakistan) by applying Fairclough’s three-dimensional model. For this purpose, content and critical discourse analyses approaches were applied to check eight-factor gender discrimination in the said textbook. As a result, it was observed that the said textbook was highly gender biased which represented males more than females. It also appeared that the said textbook had been designed to maintain male dominance in implicit as well as explicit ways. Such state of affairs may lead to gender discrimination in practical lives. Therefore, the study suggests that both genders should be represented in an equalized proportion. This can be achieved by increasing the number of female authors and sensitizing the teachers about gender discrimination and asking them to highlight gender biased issues in education.


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How to Cite

Ahmad, M., & Shah, S. K. (2019). A Critical Discourse Analysis of Gender Representations in the Content of 5th Grade English Language Textbook. International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences, 8(1), 1–24. https://doi.org/10.17583/rimcis.2019.3989