Bullying. Description of the roles of victim, bully, peer group, school, family and society.

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17583/rise.2018.3547

Abstract

This research defines, through an extensive literature review, the roles played by the victim, bully, peer group, school, family and society in the dynamics of bullying. Finally, we conclude that the complexity and diversity of the actors should lead us to rethink the traditional definitions of school bullying, to stake out the focus of research projects and to reconstruct prevention and action policies.

Author Biographies

Miguel Urra Canales, Universidad Santo Tomás, Colombia

Docente e investigador, Decano Facultad de Sociología.

Catalina Acosta Oidor, Universidad Santo Tomás, Colombia

Docente e investigadora de la Facultad de Sociología y del Seminario de Sociología de la Educación. Líder del Grupo de Investigación "Estudios Interdisciplinarios de la Sociedad y la Cultura"

Verónica Salazar Baena, Universidad Santo Tomás, Colombia

Docente e investigadora de la Facultad de Sociología y del Seminario de Sociología de la Educación. Líder de la Línea de Investigación "Laboratorio de Sociología"

Edwin Jaime Ruiz, Universidad Santo Tomás, Colombia

Docente e investigador de la Facultad de Sociología y del Seminario de Sociología de la Educación.

References

Avilés, J.M. (2006) Diferencias de atribución causal en el bullying entre sus protagonistas. Revista Electrónica de Investigación Psicoeducativa. Vol 4, nº 9.

Charach, A., Pepler, D., and Ziegler, S. (1995) Bullying at School: A Canadian perspective. Education Canada. Nº 35.Pág.12-18.

Eisenberg, M. Neumark-Sztainer, D. y Perry, C. (2003) Peer harassment, school connectedness, and academic achievement. Journal School of Health. Vol. 73, nº 8. pág. 311-315.

Eslea, M. y Rees, J. (2001) At what age are children most likely to be bullied at school?. Aggresive behaviour. Vol. 27, pág. 419-429.

Fleschler, M. Tortolero, S. y Markham, C. (2006) Bullying and victimization among black and hispanic adolescents. Adolescence. Vol 41, nº 163.

Fox, J. Y Boulton, M. (2005) The social skills problems of victims of bullying: self, peer and teacher perceptions. British Journal of Educational Psychology. Nº 75, pág. 313-328.

Furlong, M.; Morrison, G. y Greif, J. (2003) Reaching an American Consensus: reactions to the special Issue on school bullying. School Psychology Review. Vol. 32, nº3. Pág. 456-470.

Genevat, R.; Del Rey, R. y Ortega, R. (2002) Etiquetas verbales en el vocabulario de docentes, padres y madres para nominar el fenómeno bullying. Revista Electrónica Interuniversitaria de Formación del Profesorado. Vol 5, nº4.

Hall, W.J. y Chapman, M.V. (2018) The Role of School Context in Implementing a Statewide Anti-Bullying Policy and Protecting Students. Educational Policy 32(4), pp. 507-539

Harris, L. y O´Hanlon (2006) “Hostile Halls”. Current Health. Vol 33, nº 2.

Honwood, J. Waylen, A. Herrick, D (et. al.) (2005) Common visual deffetcs and peer victimization in children. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. Vol.46, pp. 1177-1181. doi:10.1167/iovs.04-0597

DDP (1999) Informe del Defensor del Pueblo sobre Violencia Escolar. España.

Goldbach, J.T., Sterzing, P.R., Stuart, M.J. (2018) Challenging Conventions of Bullying Thresholds: Exploring Differences between Low and High Levels of Bully-Only, Victim-Only, and Bully-Victim Roles. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 47(3), pp. 586-600

Johnson, R. (et. al) (2002) Vulnerability to bullying: teacher reported conduct and emotional problems, hyperactivity, peer relationship difficulties, and prosocial behaviour in primary school children. Educational Psychology. Vol 22, nº5.

Karstadt, L. y Woods, S. (1999) “The school bullying problem” Nursing Standar. Vol. 14, Nº2, pág. 32-35.

Lawrence, G. y Adams, F. (2006) For every bully there is a victim. American Secondary Education. Vol 35, Nª1, pág. 66-71.

Lodge, J. y Frydenberg, E. (2005) The role of peer bystanders in school mullying: positive steps toward promoting peaceful schools. Theory into practice. Vol 44, nº 4. pág. 329-336.

Long, C. (2006) Sugar and spice? NEA Today. Pág. 30-33.

Longobardi, C., Iotti, N.O., Jungert, T., Settanni, M. (2018) Student-teacher relationships and bullying: The role of student social status. Journal of Adolescence 63, pp. 1-10.

Lynch, E. (2004) “Lasting damage”. Nursing Standar, Vol 18, nº45, Pág. 18-19

Mahady, M.; Craig W. Y Pepler, D. (2000) Emotional regulation and display in classroom victims of bullying: characteristic expressions of afect, coping styles and relevant contextual factors. Social Development. Vol 9. nº2.

Márquez, M. y Jáuregui, I. (2005) La violencia escolar en los textos periodísticos. Revista Iberoamericana de Educación. Nº38.

Murphy, H.A., Hutchinson, J.M., and Bailey, J.S. (1983) Behavioral school psychology goes outdoors: The effect of organized games on playground aggression. Journal of Applied Behavioral Analyses. Nº16, pág. 29-35.

Nappa, M.R., Palladino, B.E., Menesini, E., Baiocco, R. (2018) Teachers’ Reaction in Homophobic Bullying Incidents: the Role of Self-efficacy and Homophobic Attitudes. Sexuality Research and Social Policy

(2), pp. 208-218

Naylor, P. et al. (2006) Teachers´ and pupils´ definitions of bullying. British Journal of Educational Psychology. Nº 76, pág 553-576.

Nordhagen, R., Nielsen, A., Stigum, H. and Köhler, L. (2005), Parental reported bullying among Nordic children: a population-based study. Child: Care, Health and Development, 31: 693–701. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2214.2005.00559.x

Olweus, D. (1987) School-yard bullying-Grounds for intervention. School Safety. Nº6, pág. 4-11.

Olweus, D.(1998) ”Conductas de acoso y amenaza entre escolares”. Madrid. Ed. Morata.

Oñate, A. y Piñuel, I. (2006) Acoso y violencia escolar en España. Informe Cisneros X.

Patterson, G. (2005) The bully as a victim? Pediatric nursing. Vol 17, nº 10.

Phoenix, A. Frosh, S. y Pattman, R. (2003) Producing contradictory masculine subject positions: narratives of threat, homophobia and bullying in 11-14 year old boys. Journal of Social Issues. Vol. 59, nº1. Pág 179-195.

Richter, L.; Palmary, L. y De Wet, T. (2000) The transmission of violence in schools: birth to ten children´s experiences of bullying. Urban Health & Development Bulletin. Nº 3, pág 19-22.

Rigby, K y Johnson, B. (2005) Student bystanders in Australian Schools. Pastoral Care. June. Pág. 10-16.

Rigby, K y Johnson, B. (2006) Expressed readiness of Australian Schoolchildren to act as bystandres in support of children who are being bullied. Educational Psychology. Vol 26, nº 3. Pág. 425-440.

Rodkin, P. y Hodges, E. (2003) Bullies and victims in the peer ecology: four questions for psychologists and school professionals. School psychology Review. Vol. 32, nº3. Pág. 394-395.

Roland, E. (2002) Bullying, depressive symptoms and suicidial thoughts. Education Research. Vol. 44, Nº1, pág. 55-67.

Roland, E. y Galloway, D. (2003) Classroom influences on bullying. Educational research. Vol. 44, nº3. pág. 299-312.

Root, T. (2005) Student/teacher partnerships can be the key to combat bullying. Education Journal. Vol 92, Nº7.

Salmivalli, C. (2002) Is there an age decline in victimization by peers at school? Educational Research. Vol 44, nº 3. pág. 269-277.

Salmivalli, C.; Karhunen J. Y Lagerspetz, K. (1996) How do the victims respond to bullying?. Aggressive Behavior. Vol. 22 págs. 99-109.

Smith, P. Singer, M Hoel, H. y Cooper, C. (2003) Victimization in the school and the workplace: are there any links. British Journal of Psychology. Nº 94, pág. 175-188.

Smith, P. (2006) Ciberacoso: naturaleza y extensión de un nuevo tipo de acoso dentro y fuera de la escuela. Ponencia del Congreso de Educación celebrado en Palma de Mallorca en el año 2006.

Smokowski, P. y Kopasz, K.H. (2007) Bullying in school: an overview of types, effects, family characteristics, and State Legislatures. “Ciberbullying”. Pág. 13.

Stover, D. (2006) Treating Cyberbullying as a school violence issue. School Board News. Vol 26, Nº8.

Sutton, J. Smith, P. y Swettenham J. (1999) Bullying and theory of mind: a critique of the social skills deficit view of anti-social behaviour. Social Development. Vol 8, nº1.

Tettner, A. (2005) La violencia va a la escuela: manual para la prevención y resolución de conflictos. Caracas: Comala.

Urra, M. (2017) Bullying, acoso escolar. Definición, roles, prevalencia y propuestas de actuación. Paper. Obtenido de osf.io/preprints/socarxiv/fxsy3. DOI: 10.17605/OSF.IO/FXSY3

Yoon, J. y Kerber, K. (2003) Bullying. Elementary teachers´ attitudes and intervention strategies. Reseach in Education. Nº 69. pág. 27-35.

Zhu, Y., Chan, K.L., Chen, J. (2018) Bullying Victimization Among Chinese Middle School Students: The Role of Family Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 33(12), pp. 1958-1977.

Downloads

Published

2018-10-25

How to Cite

Urra Canales, M., Acosta Oidor, C., Salazar Baena, V., & Jaime Ruiz, E. (2018). Bullying. Description of the roles of victim, bully, peer group, school, family and society. International Journal of Sociology of Education, 7(3), 278–299. https://doi.org/10.17583/rise.2018.3547

Issue

Section

Articles