Gender and Career Advancement in Academia in Developing Countries: Notes on Nigeria

Authors

  • Olabisi Sherifat Yusuff Lagos State University Department of Sociology Pmb001- Lasu Post Office Lagos

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4471/rise.2014.17

Keywords:

Gender, education career advancemnet university, Nigeria

Abstract

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to examine gender differentials and career advancement among academia in Nigerian universities.While it is true that women have embraced academic opportunities and numbers of women obtaining PhD’s in all fields have increased substantially, gender gap remains where it matters most. This paper asks if there are organizational barriers that prevent women from making a significant career advancement, or are there social factors outside the organization that could possibly affect negatively academic career advancement, or do both contribute to the situation. . A sample size of 160 academics was selected across the faculties, and were administered questionnaires. 10 women academic were selected purposively for in-depth interview. The result shows that there is no statistically significant relationship between gender stereotypes and career advancement among the academic staff that hampers advancement of women in academics (X2=1.218 at P> 0.05 at df=1.). The result from qualitative study shows that there are organizational procedures in which women in academia had to comply with together with other social factors that slow down women‘s movement into higher management positions in the academia. As a result, there should be improvement in orientation and enlightement on criteria for career advancement and appointment to leadership positions.

Keywords: Gender, Career Advancement, Leadership, Academia, University, Nigeria

Author Biography

Olabisi Sherifat Yusuff, Lagos State University Department of Sociology Pmb001- Lasu Post Office Lagos

Sociology Department

Lagos State University

Ojo

References

Akande, J. (1999). Miscellany at Law and Gender Relations. MIJ Professional Publishers Limited, Lagos

Camussi E., Leccardi C. (2005). Stereotypes of Working Women: The Power of expectations, Social Sciences Information, (44)1, 113-140.

Eagly, A.H. (1987). Sex Difference in Social Behaviour: A social –role Interpretation. Hills dale, NJ.Eribaum

Epstein, C.F. (1995) Glass Ceilings and Open Doors, Fordham Law Review, 64(2), 291-449.

European Commission (2008). Mapping the Maze: Getting more Women to the Top in Research, Publication Office of the European Union.

Hojgaard, L. (2006). Tracing Differentiation in Gendered Leadership. An Analysis of Differences in Gender Composition in Top Management Business, Politics and the Social Sciences. Gender, Work and Organization, 1, 15-39

Haralambos, M., Holborn (2006). Sociology: Themes and Perspectives. London: Harper Collins.

Hatcher, C. (2003). Refashioning a Passionate Manager: Gender at work, Gender, Work and Organization, 1(4), 391-412.

Helwett, S. A. (1986). A Lesser Life: The Myth of Women’s Liberation in America. New York. Morrow.

Ikwuegbe, S. (2006). The Gender Issues: A Review of Enrollment in Colleges in Southern States of Nigeria. Journal of Vocational and Adult Education, 3(1), 23-33.

Jochimsen, M.A (2008). Excellence made in EU and Sweden - gender bias in evaluation of researchers. Being a paper at a Hearing of the

Yusuff – Gender & Academia in Nigeria

Deutsche Bundestag (German Parliament) as part of an expert panel discussing women in academic and research occupations. Available at www.epws.org. retrieved December, 2012

Johnson, P. (2005). Women and Power; Towards a theory of effectiveness. Journal of Social Issue, 60(3), 99-110

Kray, L., Thompson L. (2005). Gender Stereotypes and negotiation performance: an examination of theory and Research, Research in Organizational Behaviour, 26, 103-182.

McCorduck, R. (2005). Where are the women in Information Technology? Report of Literature Search and Interviews, National Center for Women and Information Technology, University of Colorado, Boulder. Available Online: http://www.anitaborg.org./files/abi- where is the women.pdf.

Onsongo, J. (2005). Gender Inequalities in Universities in Kenya. Crighton, C and Yieke, F (Eds) Gender Inequalities in Kenya. UNESCO 2006

Reskin, B., Padavic, I. (1994). Women and Men at Work, London: Pine Forge Press.

Sabattini, L. (2006). National Center for Women & Information Technology Revolutionizing the Face of Technology. Available at www.catalyst.org. Retrieved 3rd February, 2013

Schein, V.E. (2001). A global look at the psychological barrier to women’s progress in management. Journal of Social Issues, 57, 675-688

Sjobery O. (2010). Ambivalent Attitudes, Contradictory Institutions Ambivalence in Gender – Role Attitudes in Comparative Perspective. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 51(1-2), 33-57.

Sudbury, J. (2002). Calling Black Bodies: Black Women in the Global Prison Industrial Complex, Feminist Review, 70(1), 57-74. Udegbe, I.B. (2005). From Campus to Rural settings: Nigerians’ Sexist

attitudes towards women at the onset of the fourth Republic. Agbaje, A.B, Diamond L and Onwudiwe, E. (Eds) Nigerian Struggle for democracy and Good governance – A festschrift for Oyeleye Oyediran

Zinovyeva N., Bagues M. (2010). Does Gender matter for academic promotion? Evidence from a randomized natural experiment, FEDEA, available at: http://www-dedea.as/pub/papers/2010/dt1010- 15.pdf. Accessed in September, 2012

Downloads

Published

2014-10-25

How to Cite

Yusuff, O. S. (2014). Gender and Career Advancement in Academia in Developing Countries: Notes on Nigeria. International Journal of Sociology of Education, 3(3), 269–291. https://doi.org/10.4471/rise.2014.17

Issue

Section

Articles