The Role of Hegemonic Masculinity and Hollywood in the New Korea

Authors

  • Richard Howson University of Wollongong
  • Brian Yecies University of Wollongong

https://doi.org/10.17583/mcs.2016.1047

Keywords:


Abstract

We argue that during the 1940s Hollywood films had an important role to play in the creation of a postwar South Korean society based on the new global U.S. hegemony. The connections between political and economic change in South Korea and socio-cultural factors have hitherto scarcely been explored and, in this context, we argue that one of the key socio-cultural mechanisms that supported and even drove social change in the immediate post-war period was the Korean film industry and its re-presentation of masculinity. The groundbreaking work of Antonio Gramsci on hegemony is drawn on - in particular, his understanding of the relationship between “commonsense” and “good sense” - as well as Raewyn Connell’s concept of hegemonic masculinity. The character of Rick in the 1941 Hollywood classic Casablanca is used to illustrate the kind of hegemonic masculinity favoured by the U.S. Occupation authorities in moulding cultural and political attitudes in the new Korea.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Richard Howson, University of Wollongong

Sociology Program; Senior Lecturer

Co-Director, Centre for Research on Men and Masculinities

Brian Yecies, University of Wollongong

Cultural Studies Program; Senior Lecturer

References

Anderson, Joseph L., and Donald Richie. 1982. The Japanese Film: Art and Industry. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.

Balio, Tino. 1995. Grand Design: Hollywood as a Modern Business Enterprise, 1930–1939. Vol. 5, History of American Cinema Series. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Baskett, Michael. 2008. The Attractive Empire: Transnational Film Culture in Imperial Japan. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Caprio, Mark. 2009. Japanese Assimilation Policies in Colonial Korea, 1910-1945. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Chan, Adrian. 16 January 2007. “Bela Tarr's Sound Images: Cinema of Proximity,” Unspokencinema.blogspot.com.au. Available at: http://gravity7.com/blog/film/2007/01/bela-tarrs-sound-images-cinema-of.html. Accessed 1 February 2013.

Connell, Raewyn and Messerschmidt, Jim. 2005. “Hegemonic Masculinity: Rethinking the Concept.” Gender & Society, Vol. 19 No. 6, 829-859.

Dwyer, Kevin. 2004. Beyond Casablanca: M.A. Tazi and the Adventure of Moroccan Cinema. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Gramsci, Antonio. 1971. Selections from the Prison Notebooks. London: Lawrence and Wishart.

Grazian, David. 2010. Mix It Up: Popular Culture, Mass Media and Society. New York: W.W. Norton.

Gunning, Tom. 1986. “The Cinema of Attraction: Early Film, Its Spectator and the Avant-Garde.” Wide Angle 8(3/4): 63-70.

Hicks, O. H. October 1947. “American Films Abroad.” Journal of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers 49(4): 298–299.

High, Peter B. 2003. The Imperial Screen: Japanese Film Culture in the Fifteen Years’

War, 1931–1945. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Hirano, Kyoko. 1992. Mr. Smith Goes to Tokyo: Japanese Cinema under the American

Occupation, 1945–1952. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institute Press.

Howson, Richard. 2006. Challenging Hegemonic Masculinity. London: Routledge

International Research Associates. 1966. “Project Quartet: An Opinion Survey Among Korean Students, 1966.” Records of the United States Information Agency, Office of Research, Records of Research Projects, Record Group 306, Box 8, HM FY1991, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD.

Kim Hee-yoon. 2007. “History of Goryeo Film Association (Goryeo Yeonghwa Hyeophoe-

Ui Yeoksa).” In Koryo Film Association and New Film System: 1936–1941 (Goryeo Yeonghwa Hyeophoe-Wa Yeonghwa Sincheje: 1936–1941), edited by KOFA. Seoul: KOFA. 20–27.

Kim Jong-won. 2003. The Dictionary of Korean Film Directors (Hanguk Yeon ghwa Gamdok Sajeon). Seoul: Kookhak Jaryowon.

Kitamura, Hiroshi. 2007. “Exhibition and Entertainment: Hollywood and the American

Reconstruction of Defeated Japan.” In Local Consequences of the Global Cold War,

edited by Jeffrey A. Engel. Washington DC: Stanford University Press. 33–56.

Kitamura, Hiroshi. 2010. Screening Enlightenment: Hollywood and the Cultural Reconstruction of Defeated Japan. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Korean Survey Research Center. 1962. “Study of Korean Attitudes Towards the United States,” USIS-Seoul to USIA-Washington, 18 June 1962, Records of the United States Information Agency, Exhibits Division, Records Concerning Exhibits in Foreign Countries, 1955-67, Record Group 306, Box 20, HM 1991, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, MD.

Kyung Hyun Kim. 2004. The Remasculinization of Korean Cinema. Duke University Press

Lacy, Mark J. 2003. “War, Cinema, and Moral Anxiety,” Alternatives: Global, Local, Political 28(5): 611-636.

Lee Tae-woo. 31 October 1946. “How Are We Going to Watch U.S. Films (Miguk Yeonghwa-Reul Eoteoke Bol Geosinga),” Kyunghyang Ilbo. 4.

Lee Young-il. 2004. History of Korean Cinema, 2nd edition (Hanguk Yeonghwa Jeonsa).

Seoul: Sodo.

Lindstrom, S.F. 16 January 1937. “Nationalism Reported Making Japan Tight Market for Films.” Motion Picture Herald. 33.

McGowan, Todd. 2007. The Impossible David Lynch. New York: Columbia University Press.

Oh Seong-ji. 2007. “Preface (Seomun).” In Goryeo Film Association and New System for

Film Industry: 1936–1941 (Goryeo Yeonghwa Hyeophoi-Wa Yeonghwa Sincheje:

–1941), edited by KOFA, Seoul: KOFA. 6–9.

Ōta Tuneya. May 1938. “The Prospect of the Korean Film Industry (Chōsen Eigakai No

Tenbō).” Kinema Junpō. 12–13.

Sakuramoto Tomio. 1983. “Korean Film During the 15 Year War—Korea in a Transparent

Body,” Kikan Sanzenri 34: 184–191.

Sargeant, Amy. 2000. Vsevolod Pudovkin: Classic Films of the Soviet Avant-garde. New York: I.B. Tauris.

Self, S. B. 16 August 1944. “Movie Diplomacy: ‘Propaganda’ Value of Films Perils Hollywood’s Rich Markets Abroad.” Wall Street Journal. 6.

Yecies, Brian. 2005. “Systematization of Film Censorship in Colonial Korea: Profiteering from Hollywood’s First Golden Age, 1926–1936,” Journal of Korean Studies 10(1): 59–84.

Yecies, Brian. 2008. “Sounds of Celluloid Dreams: Coming of the Talkies to Cinema in Colonial Korea.” Korea Journal 48(1): 16–97.

Yecies, Brian, and Ae-Gyung Shim. 2011. Korea's Occupied Cinemas, 1893-1948. New York: Routledge.

Downloads

Almetric

Published

2016-02-21

How to Cite

Howson, R., & Yecies, B. (2016). The Role of Hegemonic Masculinity and Hollywood in the New Korea. Masculinities &Amp; Social Change, 5(1), 52–69. https://doi.org/10.17583/mcs.2016.1047

Issue

Section

Articles