Predicting Procrastination: The Role of Academic Achievement, Self-efficacy and Perfectionism


  • Ana Kurtovic University J. J. Strossmayer Osijek Faculty of Humannities and Social Sciences
  • Gabrijela Vrdoljak University J. J. Strossmayer Osijek Faculty of Humannities and Social Sciences
  • Anita Idzanovic University J. J. Strossmayer Osijek Faculty of Humannities and Social Sciences



procrastination, academic achievement, self-efficacy, prefectionism, University students


The aim of this study was to examine the relations of academic achievement, self-efficacy, and perfectionism with procrastination in University students, and to examine whether procrastination can be predicted by academic achievement, self-efficacy, and perfectionism dimensions. 227 University students from different faculties completed Tuckmans' procrastination scale, Almost Perfect Scale – Revised (APS-R; Slaney Rice, Mobley, Trippi, & Ashby, 2001) and General self-Efficacy Scale (GSE; Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1995), as well as data about academic achievement at the end of last academic year. Results have shown negative correlations of academic achievement, self-efficacy and adaptive perfectionism with procrastination, and a positive correlation between maladaptive perfectionism and procrastination. Results have also shown that self-efficacy is positively correlated with adaptive perfectionism and negatively with maladaptive perfectionism. Maladaptive perfectionism was a positive predictor of procrastination, while academic achievement, self-efficacy and adaptive perfectionism were all negative predictors. Finally, we used Hayes bootstrapping method to examine possible mediations. The results have shown that self-efficacy, by its self, is not a significant mediator, while paths containing self-efficacy and adaptive or maladaptive perfectionism mediate the relation between academic achievement and procrastination. Furthermore, both adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism mediated the relation between self-efficacy and procrastination.


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Author Biographies

Ana Kurtovic, University J. J. Strossmayer Osijek Faculty of Humannities and Social Sciences

Assistant professor Department of psychology

Gabrijela Vrdoljak, University J. J. Strossmayer Osijek Faculty of Humannities and Social Sciences


Department of psychology

Anita Idzanovic, University J. J. Strossmayer Osijek Faculty of Humannities and Social Sciences


Department of psychology


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How to Cite

Kurtovic, A., Vrdoljak, G., & Idzanovic, A. (2019). Predicting Procrastination: The Role of Academic Achievement, Self-efficacy and Perfectionism. International Journal of Educational Psychology, 8(1), 1–26.